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Cystoscopy is a precise diagnostic procedure used to examine the interior of the bladder and urethra, employing a cystoscope—a special instrument with a camera and light. This procedure is crucial for those experiencing urinary issues, as it aids in diagnosing, monitoring, and managing conditions affecting the bladder, prostate and urethra.

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Everything You Need to Know

Cystoscopy provides a detailed view of the bladder and urethra, assisting in diagnosing and treating conditions such as bladder infections, stones, and abnormal growths such as bladder cancer. The procedure involves three main steps: the insertion of the cystoscope through the urethra, detailed examination of the bladder and urethra, and any necessary treatment such as biopsy or removal of abnormal tissues. This careful approach ensures accurate diagnosis and effective treatment.

The versatility of cystoscopy lies in its ability to offer both diagnostic insight and therapeutic intervention within the urinary tract. Whether it’s identifying the cause of urinary discomfort, treating bladder cancer or stones, or investigating blood in the urine, cystoscopy can provide a tailored solution to meet each patient’s unique needs.

Before the Procedure


Your journey begins with a detailed consultation with our skilled urologists. During this session, we’ll discuss your symptoms, review your medical history, and explain the cystoscopy process. This is an excellent opportunity for you to voice any questions or concerns.

Health Assessment

Your health and safety are our top priorities. A thorough health assessment, including urine tests and possibly blood tests, will be conducted to ensure you are a suitable candidate for cystoscopy. This evaluation is essential for customizing the procedure to your specific health needs.

Pre-Procedure Instructions

To optimise the outcome and ensure a smooth process, we’ll provide you with comprehensive pre-procedure instructions. These guidelines may include:

  • Adjustments to your medication, particularly if you’re taking blood thinners.
  • Recommendations on eating, drinking, and smoking before the procedure.
  • Advice on preparing for a comfortable recovery, including arranging support at home if necessary.

During the Procedure

Our state-of-the-art facilities and patient-centric approach guarantee a comfortable and efficient cystoscopy. Here’s what happens during the procedure:


Depending on the specifics of your procedure, we’ll administer either local, general, or spinal anesthesia. Our anesthetic team will monitor you throughout the procedure to ensure your comfort.

Examination and Treatment

The cystoscope is gently inserted through the urethra into the bladder, allowing for a thorough examination. If necessary, treatments such as biopsies or removal of small growths can be performed during the procedure.

Monitoring and Recovery

Immediately following the procedure, you’ll be observed in a recovery area to ensure your well-being. Our team will then provide post-operative care instructions to manage any discomfort.

After the Procedure

Recovery and aftercare are vital aspects of your cystoscopy experience at St John & Elizabeth Hospital. We are committed to supporting you throughout your recovery to achieve the best outcomes. Post-procedure, it’s common to experience mild discomfort, such as a burning sensation during urination or slight bleeding. These symptoms typically improve within a few days. We’ll offer pain management solutions and care instructions to support your healing process.

Medically reviewed by Mr Leye Ajayi - MBBS MD FRCS FRCS (Urol) on 18/04/2024

Hospital Fee Guaranteed


The price shown includes all costs associated with your treatment, from admission to discharge.

Doesn’t include surgeon or anaesthetist fee.

Our hospital fee is guaranteed at the price quoted and valid for one month from the date issued, subject to pre-assessment.

How to pay for your treatment

If you’re… paying for yourself

Did you know you don’t need private medical insurance to come to St John & St Elizabeth Hospital? As a self-pay patient, you can access safe, outstanding quality health care at times to suit you.

For scans and tests, as well as to see most consultants, you’ll still need to be referred by a medical professional like your GP, but as a self-pay patient, the process is more straightforward. You won’t need authorisation from an insurance provider, and you’ll have greater choice of consultant and appointment times.

If you’re… insured

St John & St Elizabeth Hospital is approved by all major medical insurance companies. If you have a personal private health insurance policy, or your company provide it for you, you can use it to pay for your care from your initial consultation through to treatment, surgery and aftercare such as physiotherapy. Not all private health insurance plans cover the same things. It’s very important to check exactly what you are covered for with your insurance provider.


Initial Consultation

Your journey starts with a detailed consultation to discuss your symptoms and explore cystoscopy as a diagnostic or therapeutic option.


Personalised Treatment Plan

Based on your consultation, we’ll develop a tailored treatment plan that outlines the procedure and any preparatory steps.


Pre-Op Assessment

A comprehensive pre-operative assessment will confirm your readiness for the procedure, including any necessary tests for optimal care.


The Procedure

Performed by our experienced urological team, the cystoscopy aims to diagnose or treat your urinary condition effectively.


Aftercare and Recovery

You’ll receive detailed aftercare instructions and scheduled follow-up appointments to support your recovery and ensure the best results.

Top Tips for a Smooth Recovery