Knee sprain causes
A knee sprain often results from direct impact on the knee or pressure resulting from a sudden stop or change of direction. The forces cause the ligament fibres to fray or tear and, in some cases, separate from the bone.
Knee sprain symptoms
The levels of pain depend on the severity of the injury – graded 1 to 4 – and worst can be accompanied by audible popping noises and buckling sensations. All knee sprains result in some form of swelling and limited mobility. The injury site will become inflamed causing tenderness and compromising daily activities from climbing stairs to standing. It may feel like the joint is unstable.
Knee sprain diagnosis
A specialist will need to rule out other potential causes with a physical examination, an evaluation of the patient’s medical history and an understanding of how the injury occurred. X-rays and MRI scans are helpful tools to determine what has been damaged in the knee, which is a complex structure.
Knee sprain treatment
Non-surgical treatments, including non-steroidal anti-inflammatories to reduce the initial swelling and physical exercise regimes, can reduce the symptoms and strengthen the knee joint.
Surgery may be needed for full ligament tears and a minimally invasive arthroscopy can swiftly assess the extent of the injury and repair or remove damaged tissue.
To ask a question about knee sprain or to book an appointment, contact our specialist team available Monday – Friday 8am – 6pm and on Saturday from 9am – 1pm. Our knee specialists team have a dedicated and caring approach and will seek to find you the earliest appointment possible with the correct specialist for your needs.
If you are self-paying you don’t need a referral from your GP. You can simply refer yourself and book an appointment.
If you have medical insurance (e.g. Bupa, Axa PPP, Aviva), you will need to contact your insurer for authorisation for any treatment and, in most cases, you will require a referral letter from your GP. If you do not have a GP, then we have an in-house private GP practice that you can use. Alternatively we can suggest the most appropriate course of action for you to take, given your location and individual circumstance.
Call us on 020 7432 8328 or email us at [email protected]